The battle of Gallipoli was one of the bloodiest battles of WWI, fought on Turkish soil, with the Turks defending their homeland. It was not just a turning point of the war, but a turning point of the world. It lasted from 25 April 1915 to 9 January 1916. This battle formed the basis for the Turkish war of independence, then later, the establishment of the Republic of Turkey under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who first rose to prominence as a general during this battle.
It also marked the birth of the national consciousness of Australia and New Zealand, since the ANZACs (Australia New Zealand Army Corps) shouldered a major part of the battle.
Over 100,000 men died in this battle. Turkish losses were estimated to be between 56,000 to 68,000. Allied losses were estimated to be around 53,000.
It was a disaster for the allies. After their defeat, then Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, resigned in disgrace, picked up a rifle, and went to fight as a soldier on the European front.
April 25th is now called "ANZAC Day" in memory of the ANZAC soldiers who died trying to take Gallipoli. It is a time of pilgrimage for Australians and New Zealanders to come to Turkey and see the battlefields, and to meet the Turks, and experience their hospitality.
If you know anything about the Battle of Gallipoli, this might bring a tear to your eye.