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With Turkey's e-visa system, the process of buying a visa is as easy as booking a flight or hotel. Citizens of Europe, the UK, the USA, and many other countries can get a multiple-entry e-visa with a validity period of 180 days, allowing up to 90 days in Turkey. Citizens of some other countries can get also get an e-visa, but with a shorter validity period and fewer days in Turkey allowed. Citizens of some countries don't need a visa to enter Turkey. You can learn if you're one of them by entering your travel document information into the e-visa application system as explained below. What is an e-Visa? An e-visa is a printed, electronically signed, barcoded document that allows you to enter and stay in Turkey for a specified number of days until it expires. It usually allows multiple entries and exits and replaces the sticker visa, which was previously purchased on arrival at international airports and other border gates. You can buy an e-visa at https://www.evisa.gov.tr/. You must download and print your e-visa before presenting it, with your passport, to border control personnel. Am I Eligible for an e-Visa? To learn if you're eligible by nationality, or if you can enter Turkey with your national ID card without a visa, you can use the e-visa website. Using the e-Visa Website to Determine Your Eligibility You don't have to buy a visa to check your eligibility. Once on the e-visa website home page, click "Apply." Then select the country which issued your passport or other travel document and its type and complete the security verification. If you're eligible to buy one, the system will tell you the validity period of the visa and the number of days it allows you to be in Turkey. If you're ineligible or there's something else you must do to get a visa, it will tell you. And there will be a link to a page with additional information. This page may tell you that you must first get a European "Schengen visa" qualifying you to visit European countries. Or it may tell you to go to a Turkish embassy or consulate in your country to apply for your visa. Passport Requirements Your passport must be valid for: at least 180 days beyond the date you enter Turkey and at least 120 days from the date you leave Turkey and at least 60 days beyond the expiration date of your e-visa. The e-Visa Application Process Here's the whole process, step-by-step. Apply for Your e-Visa Go to www.evisa.com.tr. Click "New Application" at the bottom of the page. Enter your nationality, type of passport, and the anti-spam verification code. Click "Save and Continue." The next page will tell you if you need a visa or not, or a passport or not. It will also tell you the fee. Enter your date of arrival. The system will calculate and display the duration of your visa's validity and the number of days you can stay in Turkey during that period. Your visa's validity period will begin on the date of arrival you chose. Click "Save and Continue." Enter your personal and passport information. Ensure it matches your passport exactly, since the immigration official will check your visa against your passport. Verify that the information you entered is accurate and click "Submit." The next page will tell you your information was submitted successfully and that an e-mail has been sent to the address you entered. Pay for Your e-Visa Open the e-mail the system sent you, click the link to return to the e-visa system, and pay with your credit card or another payment method. Cost of an e-Visa The cost of an e-visa is usually the equivalent of around 20 US dollars, but it varies according to nationality. The system will calculate it for you. Download Your e-Visa Once you've paid, the system will send you a second e-mail with a link to download your e-visa. Click on the link, download the e-visa, print it, and present that to the border control officer when you enter Turkey. Insider Tip: While it's a good practice to save a copy of your e-visa, border control officials won't accept an electronic copy you show them on your smartphone. You must give them a printed paper copy. After you arrive in Turkey, keep a printed copy of your e-visa and your passport with you. Turkey's e-Visa Video This YouTube video also walks you through the process. Can I Get an e-Visa when I arrive in Turkey? No. But you can get a sticker visa. A border control officer will show you where to get one. I don't recommend doing it this way. It's much easier and less of a hassle if you get an e-visa before you board your flight to Turkey. How Can I Get a Visa from a Turkish Embassy or Consulate? If the e-visa system says you must get your visa from a Turkish embassy or consulate, you must be flexible on your travel plans, since it can take up to 90 days after you submit your visa application for it to be approved. To submit a visa application at a Turkish embassy or consulate, you must make an appointment. How to Make an Appointment at a Turkish Embassy or Consulate Go here: https://www.konsolosluk.gov.tr/visa. Choose the embassy or consulate where you want your appointment to be. Fill out the appointment application form and submit it. The system will give you a choice of appointment dates and times to choose from. Staying in Turkey Beyond the Time Your Visa Allows If you want to stay in Turkey, to continue a sightseeing trip or to live as a resident, you must apply for a short-term residence permit. You can get a short-term residence permit with a duration from 30 days to 24 months, whether you're staying in a hotel, with a friend, or renting an apartment with a rental contract. Learn how to apply for a short-term residence permit. Turkey e-Visa Applications for Your Family You can get visas for yourself and up to 10 family members at the same time, as long as they are from the same country, have the same type of travel document and have the same date of arrival * * Note: Entering the same date of arrival for all family members into the e-visa system doesn't mean everyone must enter Turkey on the same day. But if you want to get visas for family members, you must do it as if you are all visiting at the same time, so all of the visas have the same validity period. On the second page of the e-visa website, after you enter your personal information on the second page of the e-visa website, click "Add New Person." Do this to add personal information for up to ten family members. Once you've entered the information for all family members, click "Continue." The e-visa website will total the visa fees into a single payment amount. Once you pay, it will send you a confirmation e-mail with a link to download your family's visas. What if I Lose My E-Visa? You can get your e-visa e-mailed to you. On the e-visa website, click the "Contact Us" link at the bottom of any page. Fill in the form and in the "Feedback" section, explain that you've lost your e-visa and ask them to e-mail it to you. e-Visa Assistance The e-visa website has a page for frequently asked questions (FAQ). Just click on the FAQ link at the bottom of any page. https://www.evisa.gov.tr/en/info/ Beware of e-Visa Website Lookalikes Many websites mimic the official e-visa website. They use the same colors and design and can fool you into thinking you're using the official e-visa system. You'll often see them in paid advertisements at the top of search engine results. If you buy your e-visa from one of these websites, they'll charge you not just for your e-visa, but for getting it for you, which is entirely unnecessary. All Turkish government websites, including the e-visa website, end with ".gov.tr" suffix. Don't use websites with addresses ending with .com, .net, or any other suffix. Ken Grubb As a special investigator for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and teacher for the University of Maryland, Ken Grubb has lived and worked in Turkey since 1997. He now lives in Antalya, where he researches and writes guides to help others live skillfully in Turkey.
To enter Turkey you must have a visa unless your country has a bilateral agreement with Turkey which exempts you from needing a visa. What is a Visa? A visa is a permission to enter Turkey and remain temporarily. A visa typically has A Validity Period: beginning on the day the visa becomes active and ending on its expiration date. The validity period can be anywhere between one and six months. A maximum number of days you can be in Turkey: A visa also gives you a limited number of days you can be in Turkey during its validity period. So you could have a visa with a validity period of 180 days, allowing you to be in Turkey for up to 90 days. If you want to remain in Turkey beyond your visa's expiration date or beyond the number of days it allows you to be in Turkey, you must apply for a residence permit. Types of Visas E-visa Citizens of many European countries, the UK, the US, and many other countries can buy an e-visa online. It's much like buying an airline ticket. Just enter your passport or other travel document information, your personal information, and your planned day of arrival, then pay for the visa with a credit card. Citizens of some countries can visit Turkey without a visa. To learn if you're one of them, the e-visa system will tell you when you enter your travel document information on the first page of the e-visa system. The e-visa system is at https://www.evisa.gov.tr/. Insider Tip: Make sure the website has the ".gov.tr" suffix. If it doesn't, it will be a company that may get your e-visa for you while charging you for the service. Once you enter your information and submit it, the e-visa system will give you a link to download your e-visa and print it. To enter Turkey, present your passport and the printed e-visa to the border control officer. While in Turkey, you must keep your passport and the printed e-visa with you. To learn if you're eligible for an e-visa, the duration of the e-visa you're eligible for, and the number of days it will allow you to be in Turkey, enter your passport or other travel document information and submit it. You don't have to buy an e-visa to get this information. The system will also tell you if you must get a visa from a Turkish embassy or consulate. Learn more about the e-visa. The e-Visa Validity Period Your e-visa will have a validity period, which begins on the date it's issued and ends on a date a certain number of days after the issue date. These two dates don't change. The expiration date is always a definite date on the calendar. In all cases, if your e-visa goes past its expiration date, you'll have no visa at all. You'll have to buy a new visa to re-enter Turkey. Here's an example. If you're a citizen of a European country, the USA, the UK, or of certain other countries and get an e-visa on 5 February, it'll be valid for a 180-day validity period starting on 5 February and ending on 2 August. You can start using your e-visa any time you want from 5 February to 2 August, and you can enter Turkey and leave as many times as you want until 2 August, the last day of the validity period. But the total number of days you can be in Turkey can never exceed 90 in any 180-day period. I'll explain that part next. The Maximum Number of Days Allowed in Turkey Within a Range of Days Depending on your nationality, the visa rules will set a maximum number of days you can be in Turkey during a certain range of days. For example, if you're a citizen of a country as mentioned above, you can be in Turkey for a maximum of 90 days during any 180-day period. If you stay in Turkey for more than 90 days in any 180-day period, those days over the 90-day limit will be an overstay. Important!: Don't confuse the validity period with the date range used for the maximum days of stay. They're two completely different time periods. The validity period always starts and ends on a set calendar date. The range of days during which you can't exceed a maximum number of days is always counted back from whatever day "today" is. For citizens of European countries, the UK, Canada, Australia and many other countries, visas are limited by this 90-in-180-days rule. Visas for citizens of other countries have the same limitation but with a different number of days. To learn more about the visa limitations, see: 90-in-180-Days Rule, How it Works and How to Do the Calculation. Work Visa The work visa is a single-entry visa issued to those who have been employed by a Turkish company. It's valid for six months. If you want to work in Turkey, you must first find a job and receive an employment contract. In coordination with your employer in Turkey, you'll go to a Turkish embassy or consulate and apply for a work visa. At the same time, your employer will apply for and obtain your work permit. After you travel to Turkey with your work visa, you'll go to your place of employment and get your work permit. Learn how to apply for a work visa and work permit from outside of Turkey. Learn how to apply for a work permit from inside Turkey. Student Visa A student visa is a single-entry visa issued to those accepted as a student by an accredited Turkish school or university. It's valid for six months. To get a student visa, you must first obtain a letter of acceptance from the school or university you want to attend. Then you'll go to a Turkish embassy or consulate to apply for your student visa. After you travel to Turkey with your student visa, you'll go to your school or university and apply for your student residence permit. Learn more about the student visa. Learn more about the student residence permit. Getting a Visa from a Turkish Embassy or Consulate If the e-visa system tells you to get your visa from a Turkish embassy or consulate, you can use Turkey's consular appointments website to make an appointment at any Turkish embassy or consulate in the world. The appointment system is at https://www.konsolosluk.gov.tr/. Passport Validity Requirements Your passport must be valid for: At least 180 days beyond the date you enter Turkey. At least 120 days from the date you leave Turkey. At least 60 days beyond the expiration date of your visa or residence permit. Visas for citizens of Europe, the UK, and the US have a validity period of 180 days. So your passport will have to be valid for 240 days beyond the start date of your visa. Visa Exemptions Citizens of some countries don't need a visa to travel to Turkey for touristic reasons. To learn if you can travel to Turkey without a visa, go to the e-visa online application system and enter your passport or travel document information. The system will tell you if you can use your ID card to enter Turkey. Visa Extensions There are no visa extensions. If you want to remain in Turkey beyond the amount of time allowed by your visa, you must apply for a residence permit. You may apply at any time during the 60 days before your visa's expiration, or before you reach the maximum number of days your visa allows you to be in Turkey. Learn more about residence permits. Travel Insurance Travel insurance is required by law for people visiting Turkey with a visa. I've never heard of anyone from the Turkish government checking to see if travelers have health insurance, but it is required. Travel insurance can protect you from financial loss due to medical treatment, trip cancelation, a lost deposit on a rental property, and theft. TravelInsurance.com is a website where you can enter your trip details and get quotes from multiple world-class insurance companies. Learn more about travel insurance. If you later apply for a residence permit, you'll need to buy a Turkish private health insurance policy to cover you for your residence permit's duration. Learn more about the required health insurance for your residence permit. If Your Visa Application is Rejected If your visa application is rejected, you'll receive a letter explaining why it was rejected. If you want to appeal the decision, first write a letter to the authority which rejected it, asking them to reconsider. If they again reject your application, your only recourse is to go to court. Residence Permits While a visa allows you to visit Turkey temporarily and leave, a residence permit will enable you to live in Turkey. You must already be in Turkey, with a visa or visa exemption, to apply for a residence permit. The type of residence permit you'll most likely be applying for is the short-term residence permit, which can be issued with a duration of one month to two years. Learn how to apply for a short-term residence permit. Ken Grubb As a special investigator for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and teacher for the University of Maryland, Ken Grubb has lived and worked in Turkey since 1997. He now lives in Antalya, where he researches and writes guides to help others live skillfully in Turkey.
Foreigners are typically deported from Turkey because they didn't get a residence permit or didn't extend it, then lived in Turkey until the police caught them. While a short overstay involves paying a fine on departure and perhaps a ban of three months to a year, a long overstay can involve detention and forced departure, and a five-year ban. Deportations are carried out by the Göç İdaresi Genel Müdürlüğü (Directorate General of Migration Management, or immigration office). Reasons You May Be Deported from Turkey You may be deported from Turkey if you: Are convicted of a crime resulting in imprisonment. Are found to be a member or supporter of a terrorist or criminal organization. Use forged or fake documents when entering Turkey or when applying for a residence permit Work in Turkey without a work permit or make a living through illegal means. Pose a threat to public order, safety, or health. Stay in Turkey for more than ten days beyond the validity period of your visa or visa exemption, or if your visa or visa exemption is canceled. Apply for a residence permit more than ten days after your previous residence permit has expired and don't have a valid reason for your overstay. Remain in Turkey after your residence permit is canceled. Enter or exit Turkey illegally. Enter Turkey while banned from doing so. Administrative Detention You can be physically detained and placed in a detention facility if you: Are an escape risk. Have violated the laws concerning the entry and exit procedures of Turkey. Have used forged documents Didn't leave Turkey by a date on which you were ordered to leave. Pose a threat to public order, safety, or health. Maximum Detention Period The maximum detention period is six months. It can be extended if you have no documents showing your country of origin, if such documents are fake or have been forged, or if your uncooperativeness causes the court to be unable to make a decision. Release from Administrative Detention Every month, the provincial government reviews the cases of people in administrative detention. If they find your detention is no longer necessary, they may release you and require you to stay at a particular address and periodically report to government officials. Deportation You can be deported to: Your country of origin. The country you were in before arriving in Turkey. A third country as decided by immigration officials. Travel Expenses of Deportation If you're deported, you'll be responsible for your travel expenses. If you can't pay them, the immigration office will. You'll have to repay the immigration office before you'll be allowed to enter Turkey again. What to Do if You Have a Long Overstay Don't wait until you're caught. It just takes a policeman asking for your ID card or someone calling the authorities to bring an unpleasant end to your stay in Turkey. If you meet any of the criteria above for deportation, contact your country's embassy or consulate. They can assist you in turning yourself in and leaving voluntarily. Ken Grubb As a special investigator for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and teacher for the University of Maryland, Ken Grubb has lived and worked in Turkey since 1997. He now lives in Antalya, where he researches and writes guides to help others live skillfully in Turkey.
Most visa or residence permit overstays are minor issues, involving a foreigner forgetting when their visa expires or accidentally staying longer than their visa allows. Short overstays only involve a fine on departure. But longer overstays can include a re-entry ban of three months to a year. Very long overstays (for years) can incur a ban for up to five years. Typical Reasons for Overstaying Besides a validity period (the time from the date your visa was issued or activated to its expiration date), every visa also has a limit on the number of days it allows the visitor to be in Turkey. For citizens of many countries, including European countries, the U.K., the USA, Canada, and Australia, an e-visa has a validity period of 180 days, and it allows the traveler to be in Turkey for a maximum of 90 days in any 180-day period. This is called the "90-in-180-days rule." If your visa goes past its validity period, or if you've been in Turkey for more than 90 days in the previous 180 days, you'll be in overstay status. Visas of other countries have a different validity period and number of days allowed in Turkey. Read you visa to learn the rules. Visa Overstay Fines If you stay in Turkey beyond the expiration date of your visa or remain for more days than it allows, you may be fined at the airport or other border gate when you leave Turkey. The calculation of your fine will depend on your nationality and the length of your overstay. The total fine amount consists of a penalty for the first month and additional months of overstay in U.S. dollar equivalents. There will also be a fee for a single-entry visa and the amount you would have paid for printing your residence permit card if you had applied for one (which you should have!). Here's what citizens of European countries, the U.K., the US, Canada, Australia, and many other countries can expect to pay. If you're not from one of these countries, the following should give you a general idea of what you can expect to pay. Overstay Fine Amounts First Month Overstay: $50 USD (equivalent) Additional Months Overstay: $10 USD (equivalent) per month Single-entry Visa Fee: ₺758.90 Residence Permit Card Printing Fee: ₺125 How the Fine is Calculated The fines for the first and subsequent months of overstay are self-explanatory. The Turkish government also charges a single-entry visa fee and a residence permit card printing fee, which are fees you should have paid if you had obeyed the law. It's also a way to ensure there's no financial incentive for foreigners to overstay their visas. Why You Must Pay a Single-entry Visa Fee The single-entry visa fee is paid during the residence permit application process by citizens of countries who have a visa exemption. Because you'll be in overstay status, you'll have no valid visa, so you'll have to pay for one as part of the penalty. You'll have to pay this fee no matter what kind of visa you used to enter Turkey, and even if you're visa-exempt. Why You Must Pay the Card Printing Fee If you'd followed the law and applied for a residence permit, you would have paid this fee. So even though you won't receive a residence permit, the Turkish government isn't going to let you get out of paying a fee you should have paid anyway. Thankfully, they don't also charge the residence permit processing fee, which is a much higher amount. Turkey Residence Permit Overstays and Fines The fee calculation works the same way with residence permit overstays. Once your residence permit expires, if you haven't applied for an extension, you'll have ten days to depart Turkey or pay a fine when you leave Turkey. Instead of Overstaying Your Residence Permit, Consider Leaving Turkey and Returning with a Visa If your residence permit expires, you can leave Turkey, buy an e-visa, and return the next day. After you return with your e-visa, you can apply for another residence permit. Turkey Re-entry Bans If you're caught by the authorities more than ten days after your visa or residence permit expires, you may be arrested, fined, deported, and even banned from re-entering Turkey for three months to a year. If you have an excessive overstay (involving years), you can be banned for up to five years. For short overstays over ten days, the Turkish police can be quite lenient. They may tell you that you must leave Turkey and take no further action. But don't count on it. Turning Yourself In If your overstay is an excessive one, it's much better to turn yourself in to the authorities than to get caught. Before you do so, it's probably a good idea to contact your country's embassy or consulate first, then let them arrange it. According to Article 9/4 of Law No. 6458, Foreigners and International Protection, if you turn yourself in to the authorities and make arrangements to leave Turkey before you get caught, your re-entry ban will be a maximum of one year. How to Know If You're Banned from Re-entering Turkey If you were banned, the immigration officials should have notified you about the ban and the duration of the ban. And just because you're able to get an e-visa doesn't mean your ban has been lifted. You'll still be stopped at the airport or border gate and sent back home. If you think you're banned from re-entering Turkey, contact a Turkish embassy or consulate and ask them to check your status. Having a Ban Lifted You may be able to have your ban lifted if you apply to a Turkish embassy or consulate and pay an application fee. The Turkish embassy or consulate will forward your application to the ministry of the interior in Ankara, who will decide if the ban should be lifted. If you were banned because of a failure to pay a fine, you must pay it at the Turkish embassy or consulate before you can do anything else. Be Polite and Respectful to Border Control Officials Some travelers have reported having overstays of several months, then after being polite and respectful to the border control officer involved, receiving a lower fine than they expected, without a deserved re-entry ban. On the other hand, some travelers have been angry and disrespectful, resulting in a higher fine and a re-entry ban. So when you're interacting with border control officials about your overstay, by all means, be polite! Ken Grubb As a special investigator for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and teacher for the University of Maryland, Ken Grubb has lived and worked in Turkey since 1997. He now lives in Antalya, where he researches and writes guides to help others live skillfully in Turkey.