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  1. http://WatchMojo.com/ presents... A helpful guide if you're planning on visiting the country of Turkey. Subscribe to our new dedicated WatchMojo Travel channel, http://www.youtube.com/user/WatchMojoTravel
  2. Read more on our travel blog - http://travelingcanucks.com/2010/11/dark-church-goreme-open-air-museum-cappadocia-turkey/ Arguably one of Cappadocia's most famous attractions, the Göreme Open Air Museum is a complex of medieval painted cave churches carved out by Orthodox monks
  3. Take a tour of Central Turkey and witness the magnificent sites to understand why most are drawn to this beautiful part of Turkey. Professor John R. Hale has partnered with The Great Courses to take you on this magical journey. See the entire course available on The Great Courses: Great Tours: Greece and Turkey, from Athens to Istanbul http://bit.ly/1wm0TQJ View the latest content from The Great Courses: http://bit.ly/TGC_Home Central Turkey is home to great cities like Ankara and Konya and a region that is unlike any other place on earth, Cappadocia. This area features magnificent architectural sites attesting to ancient civilizations and cultures; extraordinary geological formations; and mysterious cave dwellings and sunken cities. What have archaeologists discovered about the meaning of these sites? In thanks for being our customer, here is a free video lecture: Central Turkey—Ankara, Konya, Cappadocia, delivered by Professor John R. Hale. Many people are drawn to central Turkey, especially to see the spectacular landscape of Cappadocia. Here are "fairy chimneys," pillars and spires of basalt; cave dwellings carved into the soft cliffs at Göreme and Zelve, UNESCO sites; and hidden cities underground—at least 40 in all. The complexity and scale of these underground cities have no equal anywhere in the world. Archaeologists estimate that tens of thousands of people lived in these cities. Dr. Hale is Director of Liberal Studies at the University of Louisville. He completed his undergraduate studies at Yale University and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge. During more than 30 years of archaeological field work, Professor Hale has led student and adult tours to many of the sites he has studied, especially in Greece and Turkey. He has carried out studies of ancient oracle sites in Greece and Turkey, including the famed Delphic oracle, and has participated in an undersea search in Greek waters for lost fleets from the Greek and Persian wars.
  4. Istanbul, Ankara, Cappadocia Vacation and Tourism HD World Travel https://www.youtube.com/user/World1Tube Turkey Travel, Vacation http://youtu.be/yG5r2gQn7LE Explore Turkey on this Grand Circle Travel European guided tour and visit Istanbul's historic sites, including the Blue Mosque and Topkapi Palace. Along the way, you'll find where East greets West as you see the ancient treasures of Izmir, Cappadocia, and Ephesus. Turkey Travel Guide, Vacation, Tourism HD View our video to follow in the footsteps of our travelers as they discover the Crossroads of Turkey, from ancient ruins to modern wonders. Join us in this historic land to discover: Roman ruins in Ephesus and Hierapolis Pristine thermal pools in Pamukkale Istanbul's Hagia Sophia and more Travel to the Crossroads of Turkey to discover the vestiges of thousand-year old civilizations, unreal natural beauty, and proud modern traditions. Watch our video to learn more about what's included: 14 included tours such as Cappadocia 35 meals including a Home-Hosted Lunch 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites Day by Day Itinerary East greets West on this comprehensive tour of Turkey that embraces the many facets of this diverse nation. Experience the exotic allure of Istanbul at the monumental Blue Mosque and Topkapi Palace. Enter the fascinating underground dwellings in Cappadocia. And explore some of the oldest—and best-preserved—ruins of ancient empires along the deeply carved Turquoise Coast, including those in beautiful Antalya and fascinating Ephesus. Throughout your European guided tour, your Turkish Program Director provides insights as only a native can, drawing back the curtain to reveal the drama of everyday life in both bustling cities and tiny villages. Istanbul • Canakkale • Izmir • Pamukkale • Antalya • Cappadocia • Ankara Vacation and Tourism ================================ River Cruise, Small Ship Cruise, Land Tour Videos, Grand Circle, Turkey Travel Guide, Turkey Vacation, Turkey Tourism, Crossroads of Turkey, Istanbul, Canakkale, Izmir, Pamukkale, Antalya, Cappadocia, Ankara, European Guided Tour, Grand Circle Travel, see Istanbul, Canakkale, Istanbul's historic sites
  5. Asia and Europe, has a long and distinguished record as a centre of civilization - from one of the world's first towns (Catal Huyuk), through the successive periods of Hittites and Trojans, Ionians and Lydians, Romans and Byzantines. But the region acquires its present identity and name, as Turkey, more recently - with the arrival of Turkish tribes to confront the Byzantine empire in the 11th century AD. Byzantines and Turks: 1064-1071 In 1064 the Seljuk Turks, under their sultan Alp Arslan, invade Armenia - for many centuries a disputed frontier region between the Byzantine empire and neighbours to the east. Alp Arslan follows his success here with an attack on Georgia, in 1068. These acts of aggression prompt a response from the Byzantine emperor, Romanus IV Diogenes. The armies meet in 1071 at Manzikert, near Lake Van. The battle, a resounding victory for the Seljuks, is a turning point in the story of the Byzantine empire. Within a few years there are Turkish tribes in many parts of Anatolia. Some of them are bitter enemies of the Seljuks, but the Seljuks are now the main power in this borderland between Islam and Christianity. The Seljuks and the sultanate of Rum: 11th - 13th c. Rum, meaning Rome, is the word used by the Turks for Byzantium (whose officials still describe themselves as Romans, in keeping with the origins of the Byzantine empire). Pressing deep into Anatolia, after the victory at Manzikert in 1071, the Seljuks reach Konya in the following year and Nicaea, much closer to Constantinople, in about 1080. They make Nicaea their capital until it is recovered by the Byzantines during the first crusade, in 1097. In 1099 Konya, strategically placed in the centre of Anatolia, becomes the Seljuk capital. The Seljuks describe their new territory, at the heart of the old Byzantine empire, as the sultanate of Rum. Throughout the 12th and 13th century Anatolia is in turmoil. Turkish tribes fight among themselves. The Byzantines try to recover their land. Crusaders, passing through and from 1204 occupying Constantinople, complicate the picture. But the new and overriding feature is that Anatolia is now largely occupied by Turks. This fact enters the languages of the period. In addition to its many other names, the region begins to be referred to as Turkey - the land of the Turks. The new identity survives the arrival of the Mongols in the 13th century and the end of the Seljuk dynasty in the early 14th century. By then another Turkish tribe, the Ottomans, are making their mark. The Ottoman Turks: 13th - 14th century During the 13th century, when many Turkish emirates are being established in Anatolia, a petty chieftain by the name of Ertughrul wins control over a limited area around Sögüt, between Ankara and Constantinople. He is succeeded in about 1285 by his son Osman, whose name is a Turkish version of the Arabic Othman. Through Osman, seen later as founder of the dynasty, his people become known as the Ottoman Turks. Most of the Turks of Anatolia live in a style in keeping with their origins, as fierce nomads of the steppes. Riding out to war is their everyday activity. But they are also keen Muslims. They see themselves as ghazi, an Arabic word for warrior but with religious connotations. Turks setting out on a ghaza (armed raid) are indulging in an expedition of plunder but also in a jihad (holy war). It is a potent combination. The enfeebled Byzantine empire to the west of their territory - crippled, ironically, by the Christian fourth crusade - provides the Ottoman Turks with a natural target. Progress is at first slow. The Ottoman horsemen lack the equipment to take fortified Byzantine towns. Instead they plunder the surrounding countryside, effectively strangling their victims into submission. Bursa, the first important Byzantine stronghold to the west, falls to them in 1326, the year of Osman's death. After the fall of Bursa the Ottoman advance quickens. Nicaea yields in 1331 and Nicomedia in 1337. In that direction a narrow neck of land leads directly to Constantinople, but the Ottomans prefer a roundabout route. In 1354 they cross into Europe at the other end of the sea of Marmara, capturing Gallipoli. Eight years later Adrianople falls to them, severing the main route westwards from Constantinople. A stranglehold is being applied to the Byzantine capital itself, but the Turks look first for plunder in an easier direction. They continue westwards into the Balkans, where their successes prompt the formation of the formidable Ottoman fighting force known as the Janissaries.
  6. The ancient, legendary empire of Byzantium - also known as the Eastern Roman Empire - outlasted the demise of Rome by a thousand years. A new order rose to become the last classical civilization of world history, sheltering the vestiges of Western learning during the Dark Ages, thriving off the silk and spice trade from the East, and eventually succumbing to the ruthless advance of crusaders and Ottomans. Pass through the gates of Constantinople, the eye of the world, where East still meets West. Explore the magnificent mosque of Hagia Sophia. Visit the treasury of St. Mark's in Venice and see antiquities never before filmed for television. Historian John Romer leads a fascinating journey back in time to discover the wondrous treasures of a fallen, haunted and forgotten realm. Part1: Building the Dream: "The procession was led by the great Roman Emperor, Constantine. And he brought with him a bunch of priests, pagan and Christian ones, and they were all holding an incredible collection of relics. There were twelve baskets filled with crumbs, the residue it was said of our Lord's miracle of the loaves and fishes. There was the very axe that Noah made the Ark with and there was a statue that the Emperor himself had brought secretly from Rome, the statue of the Greek god, Paris. And at the exact moment prescribed by astrologers, they buried their relics just over there, at the foot of the column. And Constantine renamed the city Constantinople and claimed it as the capital of his grand new empire. For forty years, he killed foes and family alike and when he died, people were so frightened of him that no one touched his body for a week." Part2: Heaven on Earth: "Look! Here is Jupiter. This is a pagan book illustrating pagan poetry, and it's a picture of Jupiter the king of the gods, and he's got a halo just like Christian saints will have in their pictures. And he's holding a globe just like Christ will in a thousand churches. And he's sitting under the arc of heaven as Christ does, and he's king of the stars and the moon and the sun. This is a pose which says to you,"KING". You can't have Jesus king of the world unless he looks like a king. That's where they're getting their iconography from - straight from the pagan faith. But When Christianity took over the Roman Empire, it attacked and swept away all these signs. Now these signs were as old as man himself, and Christianity was pretty poorly supplied with alternatives. After all, it was a language of books and words. But unless it was to fail, it had to develop and develop quickly a whole new set of images for the world. The trick, the genius, wasn't just to swap this ancient chaos with ten thousand pagan signs and symbols for a single set of Christian images, but to find a quick way of spreading these Christian images and pictures right through the ancient Mediterranean. Books - books were the answer. Books were invented at the same time that Christianity started." Part3: Envy of the World: "The dream that lasted for a thousand years, a dream shattered by the armies of the West, the fame of Byzantium, traveled from Iceland to China, from Ethiopia to Russia, to every kingdom on the earth. And, at its center, Constantinople, the world's great marketplace: its fabled wealth, its gold, its emeralds, its palaces, its glittering churches. A legend so rich it caused its own destruction. In 1204, the Venetians managed to divert a cutthroat army of Crusaders from their sacred vows to capture Palestine for Christendom. Promising them the plunder of Byzantium, they provided lists of the treasures and the holy relics inside Constantinople. On the thirteenth of April, Venetian war galleys sailed up to the city walls and the knights of France and Germany, of Italy and England, jumped from the boats onto the battlements. Over the next fifty years half of Constantinople was boxed up, crated, and shipped out of the city to Venice and the West." Part4: Forever and Ever: "On the last day of Byzantium, an eerie quiet fell over the city. Mehmet had told the Turks to rest, for a whole day, before the last assault. He gave the emperor time to walk with all that was left of the armies and nobles of Byzantium, once again into the great church, and there, after all their arguing in Florence, the Greeks and the Latins joined together in a last service, and the emperor went to the altar and was given the last rites. Then, he walked back to the palace, and there he made a speech to his commanders. A speech, you might say that it was the last speech of the ancient world. Byzantium was not a kingdom of this world. It was a belief in the inevitability that the world came, had a beginning, will come to an end. So when the emperor went onto to the walls and took with him the most ancient icons of his faith, and he knew that he would die, he also knew that he was right."
  7. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament. Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, secular, and democratic nation-state. Under his leadership, thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and compulsory, while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.
  8. The First World War is a 10-part 2003 Channel 4 TV documentary based on the book of the same name by Oxford Professor Hew Strachan. The series provides a comprehensive survey of the history of World War I and was narrated and produced by Jonathan Lewis, and was directed by Corina Sturmer, Marcus Kiggell, and Simon Rockell. In 1914, decades of building European resentments and rivalries finally exploded into a massive total war that became much larger and bloodier for far longer than anyone could have imagined. This series endeavors to tell the full story of World War I, which was far more than just the trenches and includes war on the high seas and furthest flung regions of the world. In this episode titled "Jihad" (from 1914 -- 1916), the Turkish Ottoman Empire proved a formidable foe, as Allies found to their cost at Gallipoli and in the Middle East. Related Tags: ww1, ww2, world war 1 documentary, world war 2 documentary, muslim documentary, islam documentary, ottoman empire bbc, national geographic, natgeo, nat geo, channel 4
  9. the history of the turkish and ottoman empire (full documentary). thanks for watching. history life discovery science technology tech learning education national nature geographic earth planet channel universe culture ancient civilization civilisation greek roman egypt egyptian archaeology medieval middle ages turkey turkish monarchy discoveries art museum
  10. Anatolia : Archaeological Mysteries of Ancient Turkey (Full Documentary) . 2013 This documentary and the rest of the documentaries presented relate to important times and figures in history, historic places and sites, archaeology, science, conspiracy theories, and education. The Topics of these video documentaries are varied and cover ancient history, Rome, Greece, Egypt, science, technology, nature, planet earth, the solar system, the universe, World wars, Battles, education, Biographies, television, archaeology, Illuminati, Area 51, serial killers, paranormal, supernatural, cults, government cover-ups, corruption, martial arts, space, aliens, ufos, conspiracy theories, Annunaki, Nibiru, Nephilim, satanic rituals, religion, strange phenomenon, origins of Mankind
  11. Miss Turkey 2011 Melisa Aslı Pamuk takes you to a fascinating tour around the magnificient city Istanbul. To find more about Istanbul and ISTANBUL FIND you can visit... www.istanbulfind.com
  12. Well..................... its day 2 A short overview of public transportation. A visit to a historical castle and of course dinner and a show. The cab drivers are snakes so unless you want to pay way to much for a ride use the trains... they are a few lira for a red token and the buses are cheap but sometimes confusing because there are a lot of them. Cab drivers refused us and we them.... when we insisted they turn the meters on and they didn't. You may visit the castle by bus from Taksim Square or take a train part of the way. If you like that sort of thing the castle is fun because there are no safety police or moron fences. Rumelihisarı (Rumelian Castle) is a fortress located in the Sarıyer district of Istanbul, Turkey, on a hill at the European side of the Bosporus. It gives the name of the quarter around it. It was built by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II between 1451 and 1452, before he conquered Constantinople. The three great towers were named after three of Mehmed II's viziers, Sadrazam Çandarlı Halil Pasha, who built the big tower next to the gate, Zağanos Pasha, who built the south tower, and Sarıca Pasha, who built the north tower. Castle location here here http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Boncuk+resturant&aq=&sll=41.102897,29.00322&sspn=0.107621,0.333366&ie=UTF8&hq=Boncuk+resturant&hnear=&ll=41.039064,28.979273&spn=0.013466,0.041671&z=15&iwloc=A Intro music full version here: http://www.siftmusic.com/mp3s/Yellow/01%20-%20Sift%20-%20Yellow.mp3
  13. Today its mosques.............. well after a fresh fish sandwich cooked on a bobbing boat??????? Well that's a new one for me. Its was simple and good. The Galata bridge is quite a place. At each end there are markets and underneath there are restaurants. Now the mosques................... three of them in order: 1. Pustem Fasa mosque 2. Suleymaniye mosque 3. Hagia Sophia A quite time to walk and admire the architecture of the mosques. Map to fish sandwiches here: http://maps.google.com/maps?q=41.018375,28.97107&num=1&t=h&sll=41.00527,28.97696&sspn=0.540005,1.024475&hl=en&ie=UTF8&ll=41.01837,28.971159&spn=0.000909,0.002626&z=19&iwloc=near
  14. Today... day 4... wow my legs are killing me. Today we simply walk through many of the market streets and then get some spices at the spice market. After that its a late lunch (street dining) It was awesome! Istiklal Avenue is like main street and in one form or another ....runs from Taksim all the way to the Galata bridge down the bottom tip of Beyoglu. By Taksim its name brands and restaurants and and boutiques as you get to the Galata bridge then its specialized blocks of merchandise new, old and handmade. This extends well beyond the bridge into the mosques and spice markets of the Fatih peninsula across the water way. Spice bazaar here here http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Faikpa%C5%9Fa+Cad.+No:+6%2F1+%C3%87ukurcuma+Beyo%C4%9Flu+-+%C4%B0STANBUL+&aq=&sll=41.0314,28.980925&sspn=0.003634,0.010504&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Kulo%C4%9Flu+Mh.,+%C3%87ukur+Cuma+Cami+Sk+1,+Istanbul,+Turkey&z=16
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