If you're planning to visit Turkey multiple times with one or more visas, there's a limit to how long you can be in Turkey. It's called the 90-in-180-days rule. This article is about how the rule works and how to do a simple calculation to be sure you're in compliance.
What is the 90-in-180-Days Rule?
The 90-in-180-days rule states that, with a visa, you can't be in Turkey for more than 90 days in any 180-day period. It doesn't matter how many visas you buy or if you buy a second visa after the first one has expired. If your stay in Turkey ever exceeds 90 days in any 180-day period, it is an overstay. Depending on the length of the overstay, you may be fined and even banned from re-entering Turkey from three months to one year.
There Are No Visa Extensions
If you want to stay in Turkey for more than 90 days in any 180-day period, you can't extend your visa. You must apply for a short-term residence permit. You can get one with a duration of one month to two years.
Checking Your Compliance with the 90-in-180-Days Rule
From whatever day you're doing the check, count back 180 days on the calendar. You can do this manually or with an online calculator. If the total time of your stay in Turkey has not exceeded 90 days in that previous 180 days, then you may remain in Turkey until you reach a total of 90 days in the previous 180 day period.
An Example of a Manual 180-day Countback
Let's do a countback from October 1st.
- Count back 180 days. You'll see that the date 180 days ago is April 4th.
- Use dates from the entry and exit stamps in your passport to determine your total number of days in Turkey on and since April 4th.
- Subtract that number from 180.
The result is the number of days you may remain in Turkey.
Doing the Countback with an Online Visa Calculator
Search for a visa calculator in your favorite search engine. You'll see that it's also called a Schengen Visa Calculator. That's because Turkey's visa rules follow those of a collection of European countries called the "Schengen Zone," which have the same 90-in-180-days rule.
These visa calculators count back 180 days or any other number of days according to your visa. They also allow you to enter your dates of entry and exit to and from Turkey, then give you a result which tells you how many more days you can stay.
Smartphone Visa Calculator Applications
Visit your smartphone's application store and search for "visa calculator" or "Schengen visa calculator." They work the same way as the online versions.
Conditional Entry: An Exception to the 90-in-180-Days Rule
If you've reached a total of 90 days in Turkey on your 180-day visa, leave Turkey and then return, you can re-enter if you sign a form promising to apply for a residence permit within ten days. This form is called a Şartlı Girişi Bilgi Formu (Conditional Entry Information Form), which you can get from the border control police.
If you fail to apply for a residence permit in the next ten days, you'll have to pay a fine when you exit Turkey again. You'll also be banned from re-entering Turkey from three months to one year, depending on the amount of time you were in Turkey.