Don't miss your residence permit appointment. If you do, your application will be canceled. But let's say that, for some reason, you miss it. All is not lost, and even if you have to leave Turkey, you can return under certain conditions, and even re-apply.
If You Know You're Going to Miss Your Appointment, Cancel Your Application
If you know you're going to miss your appointment, cancel your application. It will allow another person to have their appointment and will save the immigration specialist from having to waste their time waiting for someone who isn't going to come.
Staying in or Leaving Turkey, and Re-applying
If your current residence permit is still valid, or your visa is still valid and you haven't exceeded the number of days the visa rules allow you to stay in Turkey, you can re-apply for the same type of residence permit. This is true if you cancel your appointment, and also if you miss your appointment. Once you complete your second online application, you'll get another appointment date and time and download your completed İkamet İzni Kayıt Formu (Residence Permit Application Form) will keep you legally in Turkey again until your new appointment date and time.
If Your Current Residence Permit is Expired
If you're extending your residence permit and your current residence permit is expired, you must leave Turkey and pay a fine for an overstay depending on how many days you've overstayed. Go to the airport early to allow time to pay the fine before you leave.
Because you had a residence permit, you can buy an e-visa and return to Turkey (even the next day). Then you can re-apply for a residence permit.
If Your Visa is No Longer Valid
If your visa has gone past its expiration date or you've exceeded the number of days it allows you to be in Turkey, you'll have to pay a fine when you leave Turkey. Go early to the airport to allow time for you to pay the fine before your flight departs.
Unfortunately, if you've exceeded the number of days your visa allows you to be in Turkey, you can't just buy an e-visa and return. The limit on the number of days the visa rules allow you to be in Turkey still apply even if you buy another visa.
However, you may be able to re-enter Turkey anyway, but only if you sign a document called a Şartlı Giriş Bilgi Formu (Conditional Entry Information Form).
The Şartlı Giriş Bilgi Formu
The Şartlı Giriş Bilgi Formu (Conditional Entry Information Form) is a document that allows you to re-enter Turkey with your visa, even if you've exceeded the number of days the visa rules allow you to be in Turkey with a visa.
The number of days allowed varies by country. Citizens of European countries, the UK, US, Canada, Australia, and some other countries are allowed a maximum of 90 days in Turkey in any 180-day period. This is called the 90-in-180-days rule.
For citizens of other countries, it works the same way. But the number of days you're allowed to be in Turkey and the range of days it applies to may be different.
Citizens of the above countries can still re-enter Turkey as long as they sign the Conditional Entry Information Form. On that form, you declare your intention to apply for a residence permit within ten days. Be sure to apply within those ten days, because if you don't, you'll have to pay a hefty fine and will be banned from re-entering Turkey for some time.
Check with the border control office as you leave to make sure you can re-enter with a Conditional Entry Form, or contact your local Turkish embassy or consulate if you're not sure if you can re-enter with this document.
Residence Permit Application Rejections
A rejection is different from a cancellation. A rejection occurs after your application has been received (normally during your appointment) when something is wrong with your application.
The most common type of rejection occurs when the documents in the application are missing or inadequate. When this happens, the immigration specialist will give you time to get the documents. If you don't get them, your application will be rejected.
If your application is rejected, you can't apply for the same type of residence permit for 180 days.