If you are a foreigner and have a child born in Turkey, the child’s birth certificate will enable him or her to stay in Turkey for six months, unless the residence permits of both parents expire sooner.
During the first six months, you must apply for a residence permit for your child at the regional office of the Göç İdaresi Genel Müdürlüğü (Directorate General of Migration Management, or DGMM) which services the area where you live. The child will be eligible for a family residence permit if at least one of the parents is a Turkish citizen, or is a foreigner who has been legally living in Turkey for more than one year. Otherwise you must apply for a short-term residence permit for the child.
Leaving and Re-entering Turkey
If you take your child out of Turkey and the child doesn’t yet have a residence permit, and you want to re-enter Turkey, the birth certificate does not provide re-entry rights. You will have to obtain a visa for your child when you return to Turkey, even if you and the other parent both have a residence permit.
If you have gone to your residence permit appointment, they will give your child a temporary residence permit, printed on a sheet of A4 paper. With the temporary residence permit, plus receipts for the residence permit card and fees, you may leave Turkey with your child for up to 15 days and re-enter without having to get a visa for your child when you return.
Turkey's Foreigner Communications Center
The DGMM has a number you can call to speak to an immigration specialist. Call 157 from any telephone within Turkey. The call will be free. From outside of Turkey, call +90 312 157 1122. Long-distance charges will apply.
Residence Permits Forum: You can ask questions, make comments, and communicate with other people who have gotten residence permits here.
Directorate General of Migration Management, Required Documents: Several downloadable PDF documents available here, which cover the documents required for first-time applications and extensions.
Turkey Residence Permit Law (PDF): The Law on Foreigners and International Protection, Dated April, 2014. In English, this is the Turkish law which governs residence permits.